The complex behaviours of schools of fish and swarms of bacteria, can be emulated in soft-matter systems that assemble into flocks, and active nematics, respectively. These artificial structures emerge far from thermodynamic equilibrium through the process of dissipative self-organization, in which many-body interactions coordinate energy dissipation.... [Read More]
The control of the exciton intervalley coherence renders transition metal dichalcogenides monolayers promising candidates for quantum information science. So far, generating intervalley coherence has the need for an external coherent field. Here, we theoretically demonstrate spontaneous generation (i.e., without any external field) of exciton intervalley coherence... [Read More]
Engineering the electronic band structure of material systems enables the unprecedented exploration of new physical properties that are absent in natural or as-synthetic materials. Half metallicity, an intriguing physical property arising from the metallic nature of electrons with singular spin polarization and insulating for oppositely polarized electrons, holds a great potential for a 100% spin-polarized current for high-efficiency spintronics... [Read More]
Asymmetric light transport has significantly contributed to fundamental science and revolutionized advanced technology in various aspects such as unidirectional photonic devices, optical diodes, and isolators. While metasurfaces mold wave fronts at will with an ultrathin flat optical element, asymmetric transport of light cannot be fundamentally achieved by any linear system including linear metasurfaces... [Read More]
Metal-halide perovskites have long carrier diffusion lengths, low trap densities and high carrier mobilities, and are therefore of value in the development of photovoltaics and light-emitting diodes. However, the presence of thermally activated carriers in the materials leads to high noise levels, which limits their photodetection capabilities... [Read More]
Out-of-plane ferroelectricity with a high transition temperature in ultrathin films is important for the exploration of new domain physics and scaling down of memory devices. However, depolarizing electrostatic fields and interfacial chemical bonds can destroy this long-range polar order at two-dimensional (2D) limit... [Read More]
Self-organized criticality emerges in dynamical complex systems driven out of equilibrium and characterizes a wide range of classical phenomena in physics, geology, and biology. We report on a quantum coherence–controlled self-organized critical transition observed in the light localization behavior of a coherence-driven nanophotonic configuration... [Read More]
Chirality reveals symmetry breaking of the fundamental interaction of elementary particles. In condensed matter, for example, the chirality of electrons governs many unconventional transport phenomena such as the quantum Hall effect. Here we show that phonons can exhibit intrinsic chirality in monolayer tungsten diselenide... [Read More]
We demonstrate that it is possible to localize photons nonreciprocally in a moving photonic lattice made by spatiotemporally modulating the atomic response, where the dispersion acquires a spectral Doppler shift with respect to the probe direction. A static defect placed in such a moving lattice produces a spatial localization of light in the band gap with a shifting frequency that depends on the direction of incident field with respect to the moving lattice... [Read More]
|C. Ropp, N. Bachelard, D. Barth, Y. Wang & X. Zhang, "Dissipative self-organization in optical space." Nature Photonics, AOP, 2018.|
|P. K. Jha, N. Shitrit, X. Ren, Y. Wang & X. Zhang, "Spontaneous Exciton Valley Coherence in Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Monolayers Interfaced with an Anisotropic Metasurface." Physical Review Letters, 121, 2018.|
|Q. Li, M. Yang, C. Gong, R. V. Chopdekar, A. T. N’Diaye, J. Turner, G. Chen, A. Scholl, P. Shafer, E. Arenholz, A. K. Schmid, S. Wang, K. Liu, N. Gao, A. S. Admasu, S.-W. Cheong, C. Hwang, J. Li, F. Wang, X. Zhang & Z. Qiu, "Patterning-Induced Ferromagnetism of Fe3GeTe2 van der Waals Materials beyond Room Temperature." Nano Letters, AOP, 2018.|
|S.-J. Gong, C. Gong, Y.-Y. Sun, W.-Y. Tong, C.-G. Duan, J.-H. Chu & X. Zhang, "Electrically induced 2D half-metallic antiferromagnets and spin field effect transistors." PNAS, AOP, 2018.|
|N. Shitrit, J. Kim, D. S. Barth, H. Ramezani, Y. Wang & X. Zhang, "Asymmetric Free-Space Light Transport at Nonlinear Metasurfaces." Physical Review Letters, 121, 2018.|
Apr 2018: Ying has won 2018 MRS Graduate Student Gold Award.
Apr 2018: Chengzhi and Jun have won 2017 Chinese Government Award for Outstanding Self-financed Students Abroad.
Feb 2018: Our lab alumnus Prof. Nicholas Fang has been promoted to full professor at MIT.
Nov 2017: Our lab alumnus Prof. Xiaobo Yin has been elected as a Moore Inventor Fellow.
Jul 2017: Sui has been selected as 2017 Reaxys Prize Finalist.